Scam Victim Solution Center: How to Write an Effective Fraud Report

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Disclaimer: We are not attorneys and don't pretend to be.

In our experience, the solutions offered in this section have proven to be effective; however, we always recommend that you consult with an attorney.

If you have doubts about Fraud Aid, do not hesitate to contact Federal (FBI, Secret Service, RCMP) Scotland Yard, or local law enforcement to check us out.


Stay out of debt and stay out of jail:

The legal truth about work-at-home money, package, and check forwarding jobs


How to really verify a check

Your ID Theft Prevention To-Do List

What to do about threats from scammers


How to Write an Effective Fraud Report for Local or Federal Law Enforcement

NOTE: This report can be adapted to any fraud or other crime situation.







Step 1: Items of Proof


Step 2: Names and Contacts


Step 3: Chain of Events


Step 4: If You Are the Middleman in a Fraud


Step 5: Writing and Assembling Your Narrative

Layout & Assembly Sample


Step 6: Making Copies


Step 7: Contact the Authorities


Step 8: Getting Receipts


Practical Advice for Middlemen in a Fraud


Enforcement Jurisdictions:






City, borough, township




Wire Transfer Systems: How they really work and who uses them

How to Write an Effective Fraud Report guides you through the step-by-step process of telling your story in a manner that is immediately recognizable to law enforcement, defense attorneys, and prosecutors regardless of your role in the scam.

As a scam victim, you will enable law enforcement and prosecutors pursue an investigation and build a case.

As a middleman in a scam, you can demonstrate that your were also a victim or mitigate your involvement and/or present yourself as a key witness, meaning a person of value for investigators and prosecutors, a person with far more information about the scammer than the victims have.

A properly organized and written fraud report cuts down on the time required to catch the con artist and provides a solid base for the Prosecution.

The authorities want to know exactly

  • What happened

  • Where it happened

  • How it happened

  • When it happened and in what sequence

  • Who was and is involved

You must be prepared to speak with the authorities or valuable time and leads will be lost.

Correctly assembled, a concise and organized account of what happened is your most valuable asset. This account, or report, is called a Narrative.

The better assembled and written the narrative, the faster law enforcement agencies can act to apprehend the con artist.

You must be ready to stand on your narrative.  It will be used as a reference for your deposition.  Both the Prosecution and the Defense will refer to your narrative, and it will be used in court.

A narrative is a list of facts.  It is not a novel.  It is not the place for any emotion other a description of those emotions that caused you to take a certain action.  Nobody cares if you said or did something you might consider stupid.  It is not up to you to determine what may or may not be important or relevant.  All events are to be entered into your narrative down the best detail and the bitterest detail.

Every statement in your narrative must be truthful.  If it is not, the lies and sidestepping will come out at some time during the investigative process, during your deposition, or even worse - in court.

Your narrative must be so solid that if you cannot remember what you wrote, you can state with a clear conscience, "If I wrote that in my narrative, then that's the way it must have happened."  If your conscience is not clear, it will be noticed.

If you cannot remember a detail or event write, "I don't remember."  If you remember parts of an event, but the actual play by play is foggy write, "To the best of my recollection." 

A precise narrative:

  1. Provides police with an immediate trail to follow

  2. Helps you to get a grip on what happened and why

  3. Helps law enforcement see a clear picture of what transpired

  4. Is an invaluable aid to the Prosecution

  5. Helps prepare you to be a better witness for the Prosecution

  6. If you have been caught in the middle between the con artists and the victims, it can pinpoint the role you played and why.  See Practical Advice for Middlemen in a Fraud.





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