Scam Victim Solution Center: How to Choose the Right Jurisdiction for Your Fraud Report

 

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Disclaimer: We are not attorneys and don't pretend to be.

In our experience, the solutions offered in this section have proven to be effective; however, we always recommend that you consult with an attorney.

If you have doubts about Fraud Aid, do not hesitate to contact Federal (FBI, Secret Service, RCMP) Scotland Yard, or local law enforcement to check us out.

 

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Your ID Theft Prevention To-Do List

What to do about threats from scammers

 

 

Overseas and International Jurisdictions:

investigating crime across borders

 

When and how to contact:

 

INTERPOL

Scotland Yard  

The UK's Serious Fraud Office 

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP - Mounties)

the National White Collar Crime Centre of Canada (NW4C) 

PhoneBusters  

Secret Service  

FBI

 

 
  • You can contact any law enforcement agency anywhere in the world to report a fraud.  That doesn't mean you will be heard. 

  • Not every law enforcement jurisdiction investigates fraud. 

  • Some jurisdictions only investigate certain frauds over certain loss amounts.

  • This guide will lead you to the right place or places to report fraud.

  • NOTE: Always keep a log of your conversations with the authorities and other involved parties.

 

We have found the enforcement agencies listed on this page to have a sincere prosecution-focused attitude toward fraud, successfully working with law enforcement in many countries to hunt down and convict scammers.

 

   

Nearly every enforcement agency in every country accepts crime tips and crime evidence from people in other countries.  It can sometimes be difficult to find the right contact, but patience, courtesy, and persistence work greatly in your favor.  Some countries' Embassies and Consulates are helpful, some are not, specializing only in passports, visas, and commerce questions and services; however, they are always a good place to start.

 

Be prepared for language challenges.  You may need to find an interpreter to help you file your complaint with or speak to a foreign law enforcement.  The most popular foreign languages are represented in nearly every community worldwide, so ask around at community clubs, churches, mosques, temples, service clubs, and gathering places for someone who speaks the language you need.  You can always ask a mailman where you should start looking.  He or she will point you to a likely community.

 

It is okay to file a criminal complaint with more than one agency ONLY IF each agency you contact investigates the type of fraud or other crime you want to report.

 

NOTE: Before filing a complaint with a foreign agency, you must first file a complaint with your local police.  The complaint number, police station name, address, phone number, and the investigating officer's name are vital for international correspondence.  If you do not supply this information, you will be directed to call back when the information is available.

 

INTERPOL

Interpol stands for International Crime Police Organization.  It is primarily an organization that assists local law enforcement within their member countries.  

In the area of fraud, Interpol polices money laundering activities.  Money laundering is not only related to drug monies, but to funds that are obtained from fraudulent investment victims and Internet scams then laundered through various accounts to hide the funds from investigation attempts. 

Interpol's definition of money laundering is "Any act or attempted act to conceal or disguise the identity of illegally obtained proceeds so that they appear to have originated from legitimate sources."  http://www.interpol.com/Public/FinancialCrime/FOPAC/default.asp  

 

When to contact Interpol:

Interpol does not provide investigative services directly to individuals.  It provides back-up, forensics, analysis, and criminal intelligence services to local law enforcement in member countries. 

This means you can contact Interpol to make them aware of criminal activity, but they will only work with the member law enforcement agency closest to the suspected location of the criminal.

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

SCOTLAND YARD

You do not have to reside in the UK or be a British citizen to file a complaint with Scotland Yard.

Scotland Yard is actually the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).  Founded by Sir Robert Peel in 1829, it is the largest of the police forces that operate in Greater London.  It covers an area of 620 square miles and a population of 7.2 million. (http://www.met.police.uk/about/index.htm)

In order to file a report with the MPS, you must contact the station that is closest to the address of the swindler, and you must have your local police complaint information at the ready.  

You can find the nearest London MPS station directory here: http://www.met.police.uk/local/index.htm.

If you are unsure about which station to call, the central numbers are:

Outside the UK: +44 207 230 1212

Inside the UK: 0300 123 1212

When to contact Scotland Yard

The Metropolitan Police's SCD6 Economic and Specialist Crime OCU specializes in high-value crime, that is amounts of greater than ?75,000. 

If you are the victim of a High-Yield Investment fraud or high-value Nigerian-style* fraud where the swindlers have given you coordinates in England, and London in particular, then call the Metropolitan Police.

*Nigerian-style scams are also perpetrated by Eastern European, Asian, and North American scam groups.  Go here for a list of Nigerian-style scams: http://www.fraudaid.com/NEWListScams/listscams.htm

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

THE SERIOUS FRAUD OFFICE

A UK organization, the  Serious Fraud Office investigates complex financial crimes, domestic and international. 

When to contact the Serious Fraud Office

These are the "go-to" people for frauds involving scam groups (multiple scammers working together) in which at least one of the scammers is based in the UK and involves financial documents, promises of huge returns on investment, and more.

It's best to read the Serious Fraud Office's own explanations:

Types of fraud

Case criteria

Common misconceptions about the Serious Fraud Office

more ...

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE (RCMP - Mounties)

THE NATIONAL WHITE COLLAR CRIME CENTRE OF CANADA (NW4C)

PHONEBUSTERS

You do not have to be a resident of Canada or a Canadian citizen to file a complaint with these agencies as long as you suspect the criminal is operating on Canadian soil or the perpetrator is a Canadian citizen.

The RCMP refers victims of financial crime, such as fraud, corruption, bribery, and other economic crimes to the NW4C and its online reporting system, RECOL (Reporting Economic Crime Online). 

PhoneBusters, also known as the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre, is the Canadian crime reporting hotline operated by the RCMP and is a partner of Crime Stoppers International.  They can be reached at the phone numbers on this page: http://www.phonebusters.com/english/reportit.html.

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

US SECRET SERVICE

You do not have to reside in the US or be a US citizen to file a complaint with the US Secret Service.

The Secret Service operates internationally and has offices in many countries that liaise with foreign national and local law enforcement in crime investigations in which either the perpetrators and/or the victims are citizens or residents of the US.

For a list of Secret Service Overseas Field Offices and their contact information, go here: http://www.secretservice.gov/field_offices.shtml#over

If you are unsure about contacting a U.S. representative on foreign soil, go here for a list of US Secret ServiceField Offices and their contact information: http://www.secretservice.gov/field_offices.shtml

When to contact the Secret Service

For more information about the US Secret Service and the crimes they investigate, see US Federal Jurisdictions - Secret Service.

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

Federal BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI)

You do not have to reside in the US or be a US citizen to file a complaint with the FBI.

While the FBI does not have overseas field offices, they do accept complaints about criminal activity perpetrated by US citizens or residents on people outside the US.

If you are located outside the U.S., then you can contact the nearest American Embassy or Consulate and speak with a Legal Attach?(a-ta-shay).  Go here for a list of Legal Attach?: http://www.fbi.gov/contact/legat/legat.htm

The Attach?will either direct you to the correct office or contact the FBI personally. 

If you are unsure about contacting a U.S. representative on foreign soil, then you can call directly into the FBI headquarters in Washington, DC at (202)324-3000 or write to the following address:

 

Federal Bureau of Investigation
J. Edgar Hoover Building
935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20535-0001

 

For a list of FBI Field Offices and their contact information, go here: http://www.fbi.gov/contact/fo/fo.htm

 

When to contact the FBI

For more information about the FBI and the crimes they investigate, see US Federal Jurisdictions - FBI

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (SEC)

You do not have to reside in the US or be a US citizen to file a complaint with the SEC.

While the SEC has civil enforcement authority only, it works closely with various criminal law enforcement agencies throughout the country to develop and bring criminal cases when the misconduct warrants more severe action... http://www.sec.gov/about/whatwedo.shtml

 

When to contact the SEC

For more information about the SEC and the crimes they investigate, see US Federal Jurisdictions - SEC

 

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and experience, as always, have your narrative and evidence package ready.

 

 

 

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